Economics at York houses internationally recognised leading expertise in all core areas of economic research and related areas. We cover a range of areas tackling issues that matter for the British society and beyond. Our research is at the global forefront in health economics affecting how governments around the world procure treatments and pharmaceuticals and what they do about patient.
Clusters, Convergence, and Economic Performance Mercedes Delgado, Michael E. Porter, Scott Stern. NBER Working Paper No. 18250 Issued in July 2012 NBER Program(s):Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship This paper evaluates the role of regional cluster composition in the economic performance of industries, clusters and regions.
Downloadable! The concept of “economic clusters” is usually referred to as geographical concentrations of firms in the same or related industries. Illustrative examples of economic clusters are medical devices clusters in Massachusetts and high-tech clusters in Silicon Valley, California. Such phenomenon have attracted interests from geographers, regional economists, urban planners and.More recently the research agenda has broadened to include the economic, strategic, social, and cultural underpinnings of international politics, the machinery of diplomacy and international organizations, and the interplay between foreign policy and its domestic context. International history has become more closely allied to military and to imperial history, whose scope has similarly.The special economic zones and industrial clusters have made crucial contributions to China's economic success. Foremost, the special economic zones (especially the first several) successfully tested the market economy and new institutions and became role models for the rest of the country to follow. Together with the numerous industrial clusters, the special economic zones have contributed.
The department continues a long history of studying economic and organizational phenomena from a sociological perspective. Research questions range from family decisions to immigrate to organizational strategies for profitability to national choices of welfare policies. Read more. Education and Society Schools and colleges are transforming the lives of individual learners and their families.
Today’s economic map of the world is characterized by “clusters.” A cluster is a geographic concentration of related companies, organizations, and institutions in a particular field that can be present in a region, state, or nation. Clusters arise because they raise a company's productivity, which is influenced by local assets and the presence of like firms, institutions, and.
Research Policy (RP) articles examine empirically and theoretically the interaction between innovation, technology or research, on the one hand, and economic, social, political and organizational processes, on the other. All RP papers are expected to yield findings that have implications for policy or management. Aims and Scope.
Industrial clusters are regarded as an interesting laboratory for economic research and a useful concept to guide industrial and labour-market policies. The indefiniteness of cluster boundaries generates interesting opportunities for empirical exploration, both from a geographical and an industry perspective, but the formulation of policy objectives may require constraining cluster definitions.
Clusters can create economic benefits (Porter, 2008), The benefits of a cluster can be classified into three dimensions. First, clusters increase productivity and efficiency. Companies gain efficient access to specialized inputs, services, employees, information, institutions, training programs, and other 'public goods' (local outsourcing) the coordination and transactions across firms are.
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Some clusters are located where they are for historical reasons. The case studies on the financial services sector in Leeds and on the North East of England Process Industry Cluster (NEPIC) organisation in the Tees Valley emphasised the important role of historical legacy and central organisation in the establishment of these clusters. These two case studies shed light on the benefits arising.
Members present research papers a week in advance and then have the opportunity to present their work and receive feedback in an intensive (but friendly) hour-long meeting. Just World Institute The Institute was founded in 2008 to foster interdisciplinary research into the global challenges facing the international order, with particular attention to issues of ethics and justice.
Local clusters of high technology small businesses are of increasing interest to politician and academics. This papers draws on a study of 237 high tech small businesses located throughout the UK. Combining information on activity and location, firms were grouped according to their potential degree of embeddedness in local industrial clusters.
Research Papers MSSI Papers reflects work undertaken by members of the Institute’s scholarly research community (within and beyond the University) and visitors. Our Research Papers are a key communication initiative of the Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute, aimed at stimulating thought and discussion within the University of Melbourne and broader community and showcasing the.
The BSIA’s research clusters bring together faculty, fellows and graduate students to support research activities in areas of the broader global governance and international policy domains. These areas include issues concerning conflict, peace, security, economic development, environment, resources, public health, technology and innovation, migration, food security and more. The concept of.